July 19, 2018, 2:49 a.m. wschaub django TDD
While going over chapter 21 of Test-Driven Development with Python I kept getting failing tests with
BrokenPipeError: [Errno 32] Broken pipe exception
This article describes my workaround for this problem.
This error usually happens randomly on self.browser.get calls. I wanted a way to catch the error and retry and this is what I have come up with that seems to work so far. I created a decorator similar to the existing @wait decorator we already use at this point in the book.
import sys ... def brokenpipe_retry(fn): """Catch BrokenPipeErrors and restart the function up to 3 times""" def modified_fn(*args, **kwargs): retrycount = 1 while True: try: return fn(*args, **kwargs) except BrokenPipeError as e: if retrycount > 3: raise e #give up and let the exception bubble up. print("Caught BrokenPipeError. Retry", retrycount, "of 3", file=sys.stderr) retrycount += 1 else: #Called only when no exceptions caught. break return modified_fn def wait(fn): ... class FunctionalTest(StaticLiveServerTestCase): ... @brokenpipe_retry def retry_helper(self, fn): return fn() @wait def wait_for(self, fn): return fn() ...
class LoginTest(FunctionalTest): ... #she clicks it ## get around intermittent selenium BrokenPipeError exceptions self.retry_helper(lambda: self.browser.get(url))
And finally since this is about tests I wrote my very first test that wasn't guided by the book:
from unittest import TestCase from .base import brokenpipe_retry class TestBrokenPipeRetry(TestCase): def throws_error_always(self): raise BrokenPipeError @brokenpipe_retry def retry_helper(self, fn): return fn() def test_throws_error_on_max_retry_count(self): with self.assertRaises(BrokenPipeError): self.retry_helper( lambda: self.throws_error_always() ) def test_successfuly_retries(self): retry = 2 def fail_twice(): nonlocal retry if retry > 0: retry -= 1 raise BrokenPipeError return True is_true = self.retry_helper(lambda: fail_twice()) self.assertEqual(is_true, True)